Blackjack Glossary

Newcomers in the gambling scene might be unfamiliar with most of the technical terms related to casino games, especially blackjack which is a very complex game to play at. However, there is no reason to worry about. Below you will find an exhaustive list of all the terms and expressions you are likely to encounter while playing online blackjack.

Assurance (Insurance)

Assurance, which is also found in online casinos under the English name “Insurance,” is a side bet. It is limited to half the player’s initial wager at the start. One can use this option when the dealer has an ace card face up.


The “bankroll” is the balance that you possess during the game. Regularly used in online casino games, it is the total amount you have available for wagering.


The name of the game. “Blackjack” is technically a hand consisting of only two cards having a total value of 21 points. An ace and a 10, for example, form “Blackjack.”


This is a rectangular box that is located on the table layout. It is the area where the player places his or her bets. The player has the opportunity to place bets in multiple boxes at the same time.


A generic term, the expression “bust” refers to exceeding the value of 21 in one hand. One usually says burning the hand or just simply losing it.

Card Counting

A method used to try to determine whether or not the remaining cards in the deck are advantageous to the player. To do this, it is necessary to remember the cards that have already been dealt. Thus, all the cards are ascribed a “weight,” which is subtracted or added as the case may be.

Cartes Brûlées

In English, “Burned Cards.” These are five cards that the dealer burns, or discards, at the moment of distribution. These cards are set aside and therefore not used during the game.

Cutting Card

Also called a “Cut Card.” It is a plastic card used to cut the deck. This card does not appear often in virtual casinos.


A “deal” refers to the two cards that are given out to the player as well as the first card received by the dealer.


In French, “Doubler.” The player has, indeed, the opportunity to double his or her wager and receive an additional card. This often happens, for example, when the player has an 11.

Double down

This procedure is identical to the first and permits doubling but when the cards are face down.


The “draw” is a tie situation. In this case, there is neither a winner nor loser.

Face Card

The “face card” has a value of 10: the 10 itself, the Jack, the Queen and the King are “face cards.”


In French, “Tirer.” This consists in requesting an additional card from the dealer.

Hard 17

This is a hand containing an ace that has a value of 1.

Pat hand

A “pat hand” or “point” is the result of a hand having a value between 17 and 21.


In English, “Tip,” a courtesy that is not obligatory and in any case is impossible to do when using an online casino.


It is simply two cards having a total value of 21. It is a synonym of the term “Blackjack.”


This means to “stay” with the hand in the course of the game. It implies that the player also refrains from requesting an additional card.

Hard Hand

This is the opposite of “Main Souple” or “Soft Hand.” It is a hand without an ace or else a hand with an ace having a value only of 1.


The “shoe,” or more commonly called “deck,” is the box from which the cards are dispensed. The “shoe” can also contain more than one deck of cards.


A synonym for “separation,” this consists of dividing an initial pair into two distinct hands. To perform a “split,” it is necessary to make an additional wager on the second hand.

Soft Hand

This is the opposite of a “hard hand.” In this instance, the ace in the hand can optionally have the value of 1 or 11.

Soft 17

The “soft 17” is a “soft hand” having an ace and a 6. Also, the total value of this combination can by option be 7 or 17.

Stiff Hand

This is a hand having a total value between 12 and 16. This hand is likely to lose, hence the name “stiff,” which means “difficile” in French.


The “surrender” or “abandon” is an option that allows the player to leave after the first deal. In this way, he (or she) can recover half his wager.


The “heel” or “shoe” is the device from which the cards are dispersed. It is also found online under the name of “deck.”

Penetration rate

The “penetration rate” is associated with the position of the “cutting card” in the shoe: a penetration rate of 50% means that the deck is re-shuffled at the middle. In this case, the “cutting card” will be placed in the middle of the deck.